Friday, May 8, 2020

The Glass Castle Rhetorical Analysis - 1619 Words

Argument In The Glass Castle, Dad uses argument to get things he wants from his family. Many times he argues with Jeannette to get extra money for his alcohol. At one point in the book Dad wants money for alcohol, so he has to persuade Jeannette that the family will be okay without the extra twenty dollars. â€Å"‘I’ve got bills piling up,’ [Jeannette] said. [She] could hear [her] voice going shrill, but [she] couldnt control it, ‘I’ve got kids to feed.’ ‘Don’t worry about food and bills,’ Dad said, ‘thats for me to worry about. Okay?’† (Walls 210). Rhetoric In The Great Gatsby, Nick uses a lot of rhetoric to convince the other characters to do things. He is the man in control of the situation and has to keep the other characters doing the†¦show more content†¦He appeals their emotions many times throughout the book by saying he has never let them down. A citation of Father using pathos is when he asks â€Å"‘Have I ever let you down?’† (Walls 210). Father is using pathos to get Jeannette to give him something. He is appealing to her emotions because she knows she cannot say he has let them down because he is doing his best to support the family. Voice The Great Gatsby has a unique voice. It is amazed and disgusted at the same time. At times humans seem nice and at others, they are unkind and evil. An example of how the voice is shown is when Nick says â€Å"I was within and without, simultaneously enchanted and repelled by the inexhaustible variety of life† (Fitzgerald 35). This quote explains how Nick feels about the people in the book because he begins to understands how amazing but also disgusting human nature is. Diction In The Great Gatsby, Nick Carroway uses concrete diction to tell the story. He tries to show the reader what is going on. â€Å"It was a few days before the Fourth of July and a scrawny Italian child was setting torpedoes in a row along the railroad track† (Fitzgerald 26). The narrator is giving the reader a mental picture of what is going on instead of trying to simply explain what is going on. Connotation In The Great Gatsby, the way Gatsby talks has a very friendly connotation. He seems like he wants to be friends with everyone He says â€Å"Want to go with me, old sport? Just near the shoreShow MoreRelatedPragmatic Analysis of Seinfelds the Contest4466 Words   |  18 PagesMateria Lingà ¼Ãƒ ­stica Paper Pragmatic Analysis of Seinfeld â€Å"The Contest† Alumno: Juan Wickenhagen Profesora: Karen De Francesco CAFI 2012 Index Abstract†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦2 Introduction†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..3 Corpus†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..4 Conclusion†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.16 Bibliography†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦...17 Annex: Seinfeld â€Å"The Contest† : Full Synopsis†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..18 Abstract This paper focuses on the pragmatic analysis of an episode of the American sitcom â€Å"Seinfeld† calledRead MoreResearch on Persuasive Techniques Used in Advertising Industry12297 Words   |  50 Pagesoverstated. 4|Page Topic Persuasive techniques used in Advertisement 5|Page Introduction to the Topic Persuasive Techniques in Advertising The following are some more specific strategies that advertisers use. Often, they overlap with the rhetorical strategies. ï‚ž Avante Garde The suggestion that using this product puts the user ahead of the times. A toy manufacturer encourages kids to be the first on their block to have a new toy. ï‚ž Weasel Words â€Å"Weasel words† are used to suggest a positiveRead MoreFootball Hooliganism11213 Words   |  45 Pageshooliganism have been seen by the witnesses by these supporters of football. The conflicts that exist between these people can be as small as fistfights and sometimes so intense that these people make use of the deadly weapons against each other. The use of glass bottles, sports bats, pistols, knives, rocks and machetes has also been seen in football hooliganism. There have been cases in the past when hooliganism and conflicts inside the stadium during an ongoing football match resulted in panic and injuriesRead MoreOr ganisational Theory230255 Words   |  922 Pagestheory focuses attention on the human issues in organization ‘There is nothing so practical as a good theory’ How Roethlisberger developed a ‘practical’ organization theory Column 1: The core contributing social sciences Column 2: The techniques for analysis Column 3: The neo-modernist perspective Column 4: Contributions to business and management Four combinations of science, scientific technique and the neo-modernist approach reach different parts of the organization Level 1: Developing the organizationRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words   |  1617 PagesIntelligence 62 Values 65 Ethical Decision Making and Values 72 Cognitive Style 74 Attitudes Toward Change 76 Core Self-Evaluation 79 SKILL ANALYSIS 84 Cases Involving Self-Awareness 84 Communist Prison Camp 84 Computerized Exam 85 Decision Dilemmas 86 SKILL PRACTICE 89 Exercises for Improving Self-Awareness Through Self-Disclosure 89 Throu gh the Looking Glass 89 Diagnosing Managerial Characteristics 90 An Exercise for Identifying Aspects of Personal Culture: A Learning Plan and Autobiography 92 SKILLRead MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words   |  656 Pageslamentable. Taken together, the key themes and processes that have been selected as the focus for each of the eight essays provide a way to conceptualize the twentieth century as a coherent unit for teaching, as well as for written narrative and analysis. Though they do not exhaust the crucial strands of historical development that tie the century together—one could add, for example, nationalism and decolonization—they cover in depth the defining phenomena of that epoch, which, as the essays demonstrate

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Higashimaru Soya Company Free Essays

? Higashimaru Shoyu Co Ltd was a manufacturer of Soy Sauce ? The company was established in 1942 by merger of Kikuichi Shoyu Goshi Gaisha and Asai Shoyu Gomei gaisha companies ? by 1992, the firm produced over 200 different products in approximately 650 packaging forms. ? Third largest firm in the industry with 5% Market share ? By the early 1980’s supply significantly exceeded demand and prices fell ? Profit ? With ratio dropped to about 8% from 10% increase in variety, fixed cost increased thus reducing the profitability ratio. Toshio Okuno was promoted as the Plant Manager in 1974 with a permission to revitalize the Corporation. We will write a custom essay sample on Higashimaru Soya Company or any similar topic only for you Order Now ? Implemented a gradual step wise process ? Identified the need of change in worker behavior. ? Emphasized on increasing overall communication till the lowest levels of the firm. †¢ MONTHLY GROUP LEADER MEETINGS †¢ Reduced a group’s natural resistance to change †¢ Increase in Inter and Intra group Communication †¢ THE PRICE CONTROL SYSTEM †¢ Developed a profit making attitude in groups †¢ Generate Cost and Quality awareness THE DRAFT SYSTEM †¢ Created a more efficient Job Rotation Program †¢ Corrected deficiencies in the job rotation program †¢ TATSUMAKI PROGRAM †¢ Improved management skills of group leaders †¢ Increased the group leader’s awareness of the issues faced by entire firm †¢ THE HANGEN GAME †¢ Designed to reduce head count †¢ Also motivated the groups for improvements ? Toshio Okuno displayed a Transformational Leadership style ? Realized the vision through small planned steps and small s uccesses in the path for its full implementation Tried to enhance the morale, performance and motivation of the employees ? Challenged the employees to take greater ownership for their work through the Price Control System program ? Tried to inspire the employees and make them interested in the work by various activities like creating the fictitious Higashimaru bank ? Okuno was also able to quickly identify problems faced by employees during the job rotation process and rectified them by implementing the Draft System ? Okuno also motivated group leaders to think beyond heir group and tried to improve their leadership qualities through the Tatsumaki Program Unfreeze: Change: Refreeze: †¢ Reaction mix †¢ Monthly group Leader met. †¢ Came up with Sagyo- Shigoto †¢ He thought the group leaders to think for themselves †¢ Increasing communication among the group. †¢ Participation and involvement of the employees into the decision making processes. †¢ Dra ft system †¢ Hangen game forced the employees to work more efficiently †¢ Reduce dependence on group leaders. ?Thank You!!! How to cite Higashimaru Soya Company, Essay examples

Monday, April 27, 2020

Introduction to Cinema and Media Culture

The advent of modernity brought forth a significant change in the lives of people. It changed how they work, how they enjoy leisure time, and the concept of private and public space.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Introduction to Cinema and Media Culture specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More As pointed out by Ben Singer, modernity refers to an â€Å"array of technological and social changes† that took place by the end of the nineteenth century in form of â€Å"rapid industrialization, urbanization, and population growth;†¦ explosion of mass consumer culture.† In a way, Singer points out that the urban modernization that was ushered in a â€Å"barrage of stimuli† that changed the way society in every class worked and lived. Singer also points out how mass media through newspapers and magazines sensationalized the chaos of modernity. Media during the time presented a contrast of the serenity a nd poise of the pre-modern life to the post-modern confusion and disorder. In the name of mechanization, modernity and factory environment was making man more and more niche and tedious. Mechanization was making modern life more chaotic, disorderly, and confusing . The essence of motion and speed of modernity is captured in the two movies the essay discusses – first Dziga Vertov’s 1929 classic, Man with a Movie Camera and Charlie Chaplin’s 1936 classic Modern Times , but the differ in their conclusive point of view of modern life being chaotic. Both the movies provide a cinematic presentation of the advent of modernity. They put forth the philosophy of modernity through the precedence of mechanization and mechanical motion in modern man’s daily life. This essay discusses the various aspects of the philosophy of modernity and the underlying energy, commercialism, and chaos as discussed by Ben Singer is demonstrated in Vertov’s Man with a Movie Came ra and Chaplin’s 1936 classic Modern Times. The essay will first discuss the themes of modernity discussed in each of the movies and then demonstrate how this can be associated with the philosophy of modernity as presented by Ben Singer. The essay will critically review the movies in order to ascertain how modernity brings in chaos and disorder in human life.Advertising Looking for essay on communications media? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Vertov’s Man with a Movie Camera opens the scene with an invitation forwarded to the audience to enter the theatre . The folded chairs are magically opened and the audiences are invited to sit. Some mechanization that the camera captures shows an initial glimpse of the modernity that has touched even the small activity of unfolding the seats in a theatre. Through this, Vertov signifies that the 1920s was a time of radical transformation in the nature and function of the ci nema. Through the initial images, the movie takes the viewers through a tour of a modern city. The movie is edited much faster than was usual at the time and therefore, has been criticized by many. However, Vertov presents a film that presents a utopian world that technological modernization will bring. In a way Vertov’s documentary movie wanted to capture that figment of the imagination that dealt with understanding what modern technology can bring through this experiential cinema. He tried to show a world that is surreal to many viewers but provides the dynamics and energy of the modern times. The movie presents various aspects of modernity through advanced transportation systems through trains, cars, planes, and elevators and other forms of communication such as telephones, typewriters, and newspapers. One observes in the movie that all these means of transportation and communication are shown in the movie with cross-cuttings in-between signifying their linkage. The docume ntary shows a strong alignment even between the cinema, its movement, and the camera as in many cases the camera operator can be seen mounted on the motorbike in order to show a man with a moving camera. Therefore, the movie wanted to show that the perception of movement that the modern time provides is through the advancement of technology. In the movie, Vertov shows a man who captures all this through his camera. Though he tries to present a utopian vision, a perception to the audience, he actually shows that a machine, embodied in the camera, shows what the camera operator, a human being, defines it to show. In other words, man defines what a machine does and man created modernity for man and not by machines. This is captured through the overemphasis of motion in the picture wherein Vertov shows the essence of modernity lies in its continuous, mechanical movement.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Introduction to Cinema and Media Culture specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More A similar idea is retold in Charlie Chaplin’s Modern Times where the chaos of modern assembly lines . The movie shows the plight of a man working in the factory day in and day out. Chaplin in the film re-emphasizes that the essence of modern line lies in its mechanical motion. Modern Times is a story of a man who works eight hours a day in an assembly line and is responsible to perform the same, repetitive motion, and for whom his whole being is transformed into the nuts that he must turn by his wrench. His day is moves ahead keeping pace with the enforced mechanical movement of the machine. The monotony of the work and the sheer speed of the conveyor belt in which he works unsettle his mental balance . Therefore, the movie essentially shows how modernity makes humans a machine and the monotony of mechanical work takes out the life and zeal out of humans. Chaplin’s movie shows the formation of a modern man th at of dictated through the mechanization and monotony of assembly lines . Therefore, in the end, Chaplin shows that in order to touch the very essence of being, man must take the road to break the monotony and boredom of mechanical life. In the showcase of modernity, predominance of machines in modern life, and mechanization, both Vertov’s Man with a Camera and Chaplin’s Modern Times shows a continuous and automatic movement. Both Vertov and Chaplin try to demonstrate the great impact on modern life through the essence of motion. Motion has brought forth through increase in the speed of life as has been discussed in Singer’s discussion of the illustrations in print media. The illustrations discussed by Singer also show a sense of motion and movement that brings forth the chaos of modern life. They usually depict a busy street, a train, or other firms of locomotion or machine. Therefore, one essence of modernity that both the movies present is the continuous sens e of motion that is entrenched in the philosophy of modernity.Advertising Looking for essay on communications media? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Another aspect of modernity that is demonstrated through the movies is the use of assembly lines. Chaplin’s Modern Times is demonstrated through the opening scenes of the movie where we see the cast busy working in a mechanized assembly line. The movement of the assembly wheel is so continuous and uninterrupted that if one misses the momentum the whole process if disrupted. The mechanization and the assembly movement is shown in Vertov’s movie through the positioning of Vertov of cinema as a production of the motion and movement of the modern day machine and the inter-linkages of the processes are established through their crossing. Therefore, Vertov intended to demonstrate the production of the cinema as a line process attuning to the modern assembly lines. Both the films in a way show that the essence of modern life through the movement and mechanical setting of the modern technology and how human life, work, and media has become dominated by this technology. Both th e movies show a movement from the private to the public space of man and the impact modernity on both. In Man with a Movie Camera, Vertov shows a day in a city through a camera. The setting begins in a morning with waking up indicating personal space, then to the working day, and then again to re-creation in the evening. Therefore, through this Vertov intends to display how technology touches the personal i.e. private and then the working and social i.e. public space of man. Vertov actually shows the anthology of the camera and its interaction with the individual at home, then at work, and then with friends and family. Therefore, it shows how the new technology in the form of cinema touches man in every aspect of his social presence. One the other hand, Chaplin in his Modern Times shows that vast mechanization throughout the movie, though it is most explicitly shown in the beginning of the movie and the dream sequence in the bungalow. In the movie, Chaplin emphasizes of the actions of labor in the two spaces i.e. work and home. The use of the double setting of home and factory shows that modernity is analyzed and present in both the spaces of human life. Therefore, in both the movies the touch of modernity in the private and public life of man are shown indicating that both Vertov and Chaplin were analyzing modernity in the two spaces. Therefore, both the movies successfully gels together different aspects of modern life through time and space. Though the essence of modernity and technology are at the heart of both the movies, they differ in certain depiction and treatment of cinema as a medium and their cultural and social significance. Vertov in one hand shows movement of the modern times but does not show any collision in the movement. In a scene in the movie where an aerial shot of a street is shown with thousands of bicycles, automobiles, horse-drawn carts, streetcars, and pedestrians. The street embodies the speed at which modern life moves but extraordi narily there is no collision shown. Therefore, against all the odds, the city functions with all its chaos. However, in Modern Times Chaplin shows that the chaos and disruptions technology and modern times can bring to a man’s life and the way it transforms the individual identity. Therefore, the message presented by Chaplin in essence is different from that of Vertov. Chaplin is against the insane rhythm brought forth by industrialization and technology during the time of depression. While Vertov presents a modern life through the camera that is fast, rhythmic, full of motion but ultimately it helps in a seamless, continuous movement. The essay demonstrates the similarities and dissimilarities of portrayal of modernity in the films by Vertov and Chaplin. The films demonstrate that there is a great deal of movement of the machines and man has to keep pace with the monotony of the mechanical movement. However, a point of difference arises in support or disregard for this monot ony. Vertov actually feels that monotony has brought speed and accomplishment for man while Chaplin shows complete disarray that mechanization can bring to human life. Chaplin, in contrast to Vertov, goes on to contrast factory life to domestic bliss. The essay therefore successfully shows that modernity has brought forth its share of mechanization and through it speed and chaos as shown in both Man with a Movie Camera and Modern Times. Works Cited Beller, Jonathan L. â€Å"Dziga Vertov and the Film of Money.† Boundary, 26(3) (1999): 150-190. Print. Delgado, Sergio. â€Å"Dziga Vertov’s Man with a Movie Camera and the Phenomenology of Perception.† Film Criticism, 34(1) (2009): 1-16. Print. Golec, Michael J. â€Å"Motionmindedness: The Transposition of Movement from Factory to Home in Chaplin’s Modern Times.† Home Cultures, 7(3) (2010): 287-312. Print. Man with a Movie Camera. Dir. Dziga Vertov. 1929. DVD. Modern Times. Dir. Charlie Chaplin. 1936. D VD. Singer, Ben. â€Å"Modernity, Hyperstimulus, and the rise of Popular Sensationalism.† Leo Charney, Vanessa R. Schwartz. Cinema and the Invention of Modern Life. Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press, 1995. 72-102. Print. Stewart, Garrett. â€Å"Modern Hard Times: Chaplin and the Cinema of Self-reflection.† Critical Inquiry, 3(2) (1976): 295-314. Print This essay on Introduction to Cinema and Media Culture was written and submitted by user Mikayla Cline to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Thursday, March 19, 2020

Free Essays on Mary Rowlandson And The Power Of Gods Elect

The Power of God’s Elect Puritan beliefs are very numerous and strong. One of their biggest beliefs was that they were of â€Å"God’s elect.† The Puritans thought of themselves as God’s last test for the perfect secular group. This idea also ties in with what is called unconditional election or predestination. Predestination is the belief that God saves only a certain number of souls, which he chooses, regardless of the faithfulness of the person. A person’s salvation is determined before they are born and cannot be altered by human actions. Puritans believed that they were superior over every other social group in their time. Puritans used the Bible to relate everything that happens to them, good or bad, and used it to justify the current situation. In Mary Rowlandson’s captivity narrative, she uses a plethora of Bible verses and scriptures to show that the Puritans were superior over the Native Americans as well as to show that she was one of God’s elect. Mary thinks of her capture and every detail about it as a trial from God. King Phillip’s War (1675-1676) was brought about by Native Americans who were tired of the English settlers taking their land. The Wampanoag Indians invaded Mary Rowlandson’s hometown of Lancaster in February of 1675 taking twenty-four Puritans hostage. One of these hostages was Mary Rowlandson. Despite seeing most of her family brutally killed by savage Native Americans, Mary is able to find comfort in the Lord, Mary wrote: We had six stout Dogs belonging to our Garrison, but none of them would stir though another time, if an Indian had come to the Door, they were ready to fly upon him, and tear him down. The Lord hereby would make us the more to acknowledge his Hand, and to see that our Help is always in him. (13) When she sees her family, home, and town destroyed by Indians, she sees this as an act of God, not an act by the Indians, â€Å"O the doleful sight that now ... Free Essays on Mary Rowlandson And The Power Of God's Elect Free Essays on Mary Rowlandson And The Power Of God's Elect The Power of God’s Elect Puritan beliefs are very numerous and strong. One of their biggest beliefs was that they were of â€Å"God’s elect.† The Puritans thought of themselves as God’s last test for the perfect secular group. This idea also ties in with what is called unconditional election or predestination. Predestination is the belief that God saves only a certain number of souls, which he chooses, regardless of the faithfulness of the person. A person’s salvation is determined before they are born and cannot be altered by human actions. Puritans believed that they were superior over every other social group in their time. Puritans used the Bible to relate everything that happens to them, good or bad, and used it to justify the current situation. In Mary Rowlandson’s captivity narrative, she uses a plethora of Bible verses and scriptures to show that the Puritans were superior over the Native Americans as well as to show that she was one of God’s elect. Mary thinks of her capture and every detail about it as a trial from God. King Phillip’s War (1675-1676) was brought about by Native Americans who were tired of the English settlers taking their land. The Wampanoag Indians invaded Mary Rowlandson’s hometown of Lancaster in February of 1675 taking twenty-four Puritans hostage. One of these hostages was Mary Rowlandson. Despite seeing most of her family brutally killed by savage Native Americans, Mary is able to find comfort in the Lord, Mary wrote: We had six stout Dogs belonging to our Garrison, but none of them would stir though another time, if an Indian had come to the Door, they were ready to fly upon him, and tear him down. The Lord hereby would make us the more to acknowledge his Hand, and to see that our Help is always in him. (13) When she sees her family, home, and town destroyed by Indians, she sees this as an act of God, not an act by the Indians, â€Å"O the doleful sight that now ...

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Free sample - Principles of perception. translation missing

Principles of perception. Principles of perception1. The principle of figure and ground In this principle, the terms figure and ground are used to explain how people use the elements of the scene, which contain a similarity in shape and appearance and group them together as one whole entity. All similar elements (figure) tend to be perceptually contrasted with dissimilar elements (ground) in order to create the impression of a whole (Spelke 1993, p. 1490). For instance, in a picture of a lighthouse with blue horizontal lines, the lighthouse stands out as the figure, while the horizontal blue lines are perceived as the ground (Lohr 2000, p. 49). However, it is not always easy to separate visually the figure from the ground. Sometimes, creative artists may make drawings that illustrate how difficult it is to pick out the figure from the ground on which it is positioned. Psychologists have traditionally been using carefully designed art that plays around with the figure and ground in profoundly fascinating ways (Goldstein 2009, p. 298). In such works of art, the figure and ground appear to interchange. However, nature also provides perceptual intrigues that are difficult to point out without the use of the principle of figure and ground. In most cases, this takes the form of camouflage, whereby the principle facilitates the breakdown of figure and ground. The objective is always to make the figure seem like the ground so much it disappears from view. It is only with immense difficulty that one can separate a chameleon from the green leaf stalk on which it is perched. This is because the figure and ground have been merged together. This principle perfectly explains the tendency by some people in an organization to hide their true attributes mainly through pretense. A prospective employee who perceives his background to constitute an undesirable trait may suppress this negative attribute, by pretending to possess only the attributes that are needed for the job. For instance, they may claim to have associations with renowned professionals in a field for which the employer is seeking a job candidate. Employer may have to request for further information in order to determine whether the employees are telling the truth or not. 2. The principle of similarity, proximity, and continuity The principle of similarity indicates that objects that share visual characteristics like color, shape, texture, size, orientation or value are seen as belonging together. These features make similar objects create varying impressions, even though they are equidistant from those objects that are the odd ones out within the group. For instance, in a groups of small and large circles, the large circles will appear to belong together just because of the similarity in their size. The same thing will apply to the small circles. In terms of proximity, things that are closer together are regarded as belonging together. For instance, when horizontal rows made up of small circles are closer to each other than the vertical columns that they form, they are perceived as two vertical lines. In terms of continuity, it becomes easy to predict the preference for continuous figures. For instance, the image of a black cross is perceived as two crossed lines instead of four lines that meet at the center. The principle of similarity, proximity, and continuity explains the behavior of people within organizations, whereby individuals are judged according to the people they associate with (Ferguson 2004, p. 39). When people adopt mannerisms, habits, memberships in certain clubs and societies, likes, and dislikes that are typical of a given caliber of people, they are automatically classified in the same group with such people. The concept of proximity is used to determine the commonness of purpose among everyone within the organization, despite the various individual differences, personality traits, and personal interests among them. Similarly, the concept of continuity defines the disposition by people in an organization to appreciate success in its entirety without paying attention to personal sacrifices of certain individuals, exceptional transformational leadership qualities of the manager or some unethical behavior among some employees in efforts to achieve the desired outcome. Â   References Ferguson, M 2004, How social perception can automatically influence behavior, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 33-39. Goldstein, B 2009, Sensation and perception, Penguin Books, New York. Lohr, L 2000, ‘Three Principles of Perception for Instructional Interface Design’, Educational Technology, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 45-52. Spelke, E 1993, ‘Gestalt relations and object perception: a developmental study’ Perception, Vol. 22, No. 12, pp. 1483 – 1501.

Saturday, February 15, 2020

Social Security Research Paper Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Social Security Research Paper - Assignment Example The largest generation in the country is the younger one of less than 65 years. This number has been increased by the influx of immigrants which has a high population rate than the natives of the land. These people have a long way to go before they can not only start to enjoy their social security savings but start saving in the fund as well. They however need to be sustained by the government in every way possible. The fact that majority of their parents lack enough money to support them and provide enough for them in terms of provision of the basic services; they need the government to assist them. Majority need to even be paid employment wages and especially during the inflation period when the jobs are no longer available and in fact people are being given early retirements from their employments. The government can only manage to sustain this group of people if it can have a little extra tax and this is possible through using the social security funds of the elderly that do not need them anymore (LeMay, 2007). This policy will not be easy to be implemented because it involves the life savings of this group of people. Some of them started contributing to the fund even before they got to start having their own personal savings and when they lacked enjoying the nice things and luxuries in life simply because they were paying student loans and did not have enough to spare. There are some that had been looking forward to enjoying this money at their retirement. Now that they are rich, they may no longer need the cash but it is still their savings and a representation of how far they have come in life. In order to convince them to part with it, they have to be told to think about it as a form of charity to the needy in society, those who are needy of cheaper and more affordable services and for the sake of their survival. People give to charities to assist and if they consider the money as such, it will be